Material Management is an important aspect of manufacturing and supply chain industry. It refers to the process of planning, executing, directing, coordinating, monitoring and controlling of all the processes that are associated with the materials required in the industries. It involves management of all activities from the inception of materials to their use in the manufacturing process.
There are certain principles that govern material management. Knowledge of these principles facilitates individuals to exercise effective material management. So, whether you are a material manager or aspire to enter the field, you must be well-versed with all these principles of material handling.
According to this principle, the material manager must plan all the activities related to the handling of materials and storage activities in advance in order to achieve operational efficiency.
As per gravity principle, laws of gravity must be implemented for shifting of materials from one place to another.
Space utilization Principle
It involves making the most effective utilization of available space. This principle is taken into account in the work areas, storage areas as well as while transporting loads.
Safe handling of the material is quite important to achieve maximum output without any hindrance. Different methods for safe and effective handling of the materials should be chosen under this principle.
It aims at finding different methods to satisfy different conditions. A material manager must find search methods and equipments which are flexible enough to satisfy different types of conditions.
Ecology or Environmental Principle
Sometimes, methods of material handling can have adverse effects on the environment. Thus, Ecology principle ensures that while carrying out material handling, best alternative method must be adopted to minimize the effect on the environment.
System principal states that the material manager should integrate as many handling activities as possible and practicable in a coordinated operational system. Different storage activities and activities related to the movement of materials can be integrated into a system of storage, packaging, shipping, transportation, production, inspection and many more.
According to this principle, the material manager must standardize the type and side of handling equipment along with standardizing the handling methods.
This principle involves the usage of simplified methods with the removal of all the unnecessary stuff.
This principle states that frequent maintenance and repairs can be prevented through proper preparation of plans.
This s principle aims at minimizing the handling work without affecting the operating productivity or service level.
Dead Weight Principle
As per dead weight principle, the ratio of mobile handling equipment’s dead weight to the weight of the load carried must be minimized.
Materials Flow Principle
This principle is also known as the principle of continuous flow. According to the principle, an operation sequence and layout should be created in such a way that material flow can be minimized.
So, these were some of the core principles of material management that every material manager must know. At MIT School of Distance Education (MIT-SDE), we train aspiring material managers of all the core concepts and principles of the field. Our material management course lays impetus on the industry-specific knowledge. That is why we keep on updating our syllabus with development in the industry. Our candidates are trained by industry experts so that they can immediately get absorbed in the industry. So, if you wish to pursue a job-centric course, then apply for admissions in MIT-SDE right away.